Monday Morning Paperback: Deathlok (The Godfather of Cyberpunk!)




“That's inspired by a great Marvel comic, Deathlok, a guy whose brain and lungs were stuck into a cyborg's body. See, he was to be used as this ultimate killing machine and something backfired."
-Dave Mustaine of Megadeth who wrote and performed the song PSYCHOTRON.


In honor of Memorial Day, this segment of MMP is dedicated to a certain fallen soldier now resurrected as a “killing machine, that’s downright mean” and not to mention, one of my favorite Comic/fictional characters of all time-Deathlok. (Originally published in Talkbacker.com 2013)
Remastered Review: Contains updated material

Cyberpunk: a subgenre of science fiction in a futuristic setting that tends to focus on a "combination of lowlife and high tech" featuring advanced technological and scientific achievements, such as artificial intelligence and cybernetics, juxtaposed with a degree of breakdown or radical change in the social order

During the early to mid-70’s was the era in Marvel Comics that was referred to as the Bronze Age. This was a redefining period for the comics company as they introduced more characters and concepts that would set them apart from their Silver age predecessors like Spiderman, Hulk and the Fantastic Four. Now with new characters ushering the Bronze age of Marvel (Iron Fist, Luke Cage, Man-Thing, Adam Warlock and Killraven) emerging on the scene, many readers who were somewhat tired of the sanitized super heroic clichés turned toward investing their reading time and of course, Money into these groundbreaking titles. Within rise of Marvel’s Bronze Age, one had stood out among the rest. Not only for it’s exciting Sci Fi premise, but also for being perhaps one of the most influential characters during time.



His name is DEATHLOK THE DEMOLISHER, A Soldier turned Cyborg who battles a madman’s privatized Army while coming to terms with his lost humanity. Created by Rich Buckler, Deathlok and the dystopian world he lived in most likely were the inspiration for various science fiction movies. An easy comparison would be The Terminator and Robocop who shared familiar similarities to Marvel's first Cyborg. And while we’re on the subject of classic 80’s dystopia, Deathlok had tried to make his Escape from New York, while taking on a mob of cannibals way before Snake Plissken.


Released in August of 1974, Deathlok made his very first appearance in Astonishing Tales #25 and despite being inspired to some degree by the Six Million Dollar Man TV series, Deathlok‘s concept was original enough to stand on his own as well as have a more exciting concept than the classic television series. Whereas Steve Austin was a government operative in modern times, Deathlok became a programmed assassin whose world was filled with the horrors of cloning, genetic engineering, gene splicing and cryogenics. Despite these topics being featured in today’s world of information (Newspapers, Interwebs, etc.), the comic had foreseen this over 40 years ago!


This uncertain future had occurred when the Roxxon Corporation enacted operation purge; a projector that is capable of banishing all earth’s super powered humans and in return would offset the balance of power. Thus giving the corporation the advantage of taking over America through conventional methods.
Following the events of the purge, America became a battlefield and conflict had amassed to a global scale. During that time, Colonel Luther manning was involved in a training exercise, however when a concussion bomb went off by accident, manning became mortally wounded. Major Simon Ryker had preserved Luther’s remains to be utilized for the CIA’s Alpha Mech project based on his knowledge and combat experience. Manning was the first to be selected for this Cyborg super soldier project.


Ryker however, had his own agenda as far as Alpha Mech is concerned, it would be used as a means for his personal ambition which is world domination. The Cyborg was named Deathlok as in a man locked in death. Deathlok had regained his human memories and in doing so, rebelled against his superiors.
Once manning had learned that not only was he declared dead, but his wife remarried his best friend; Mike Travers, he took a personal oath of vengeance against his “Creator” Simon Ryker and in doing so, crush his Megalomaniacal ambitions once and for all. Thus, began the journey of Marvel’s mechanical Antihero.

GAMECHANGER

Throughout his objective to stops Ryker, there were some notable highlights from Deathlok’s stint in astonishing tales that were nothing short of say, groundbreaking. Despite the restrictions imposed by the Comics code authority, this series did not necessarily skimp on its ultraviolent content. One scene in particular that caught my eye, goes to the ‘lok pulling out a 45 magnum and in doing so blows three dum-dum shells into his pursuer two through the body, one through the face.


"Warning: Deathlok contains scenes of utraviolence. Reader discretion is advised".


It’s apparent that Deathlok was created out of cynicism toward the United States government due to the Fascist Nixon Watergate scandal and of course, the Vietnam war during the era of counter culture. One poignant scene albeit a controversial one, is when Manning discovers that both his wife and son are still alive, unfortunately widowed Janice, not being able to recognize Luther under the rotting face and steel limbs, goes into a shock, shields their son then referring to her late husband as a “Monster”.( It's also interesting of note, that this was among the first examples of an comicbook Interracial relationship, which was still considered taboo during the early seventies.)



Leading to a pivotal moment where Manning attempts to commit suicide via pointing his Laser pistol to the Brain. However, due to internal program, he is not allowed to kill himself. Not only can he not live, but he’s incapable of taking his own life. Despondent and pissed off; Manning rips the American Flag from his chest and stomps on it. A Powerful dialog free ending that sent patriotic readers on a hate mail frenzy.

GANGSTA!!

I for one, can’t help but “marvel” at this unapologetic brazen scene which no doubt, was inspired by cynicism via the Vietnam war and of course, Nixon’s Watergate scandal.
Despite the comic’s nihilistic approach, there are a few humorous breaks that consist of Deathlok's bickering with the implanted Computer that He refers to as "Puter". And it’s almost reminiscent to Dave & Hal from 2001: A Space Odyssey. Or nowadays Michael Knight and KITT

INFLUENCE OR MERELY A COINCIDENCE




The influence Deathlok has had in many major motion pictures is obvious. ESCAPE FROM NEW YORK copies Deathlok's view of Manhattan as a violent, anarchic hell filled with maniacs, cannibals and gangs. THE TERMINATOR borrows Deathlok's imagery (right down to the glowing red eye) and even gave him similar computer suggested responses. The ROBOCOP Films, however, are the more inspired example when in comparison; Deathlok was a good man, a soldier with a wife and young son, then he's killed and resurrected as a Cyborg by a sinister organization. ROBOCOP, Same thing. Alex Murphy; a good man, a Police officer with a wife and young son, suddenly he's killed and resurrected as a Cyborg by a..you guessed it; a sinister corporation.

Both Deathlok and Robocop are preprogrammed by the evil organizations yet resist the company's brainwashing and attempts to destroy them. They recapture their real identities, keep their evil programmers from wiping their memories, pine away for their families and vow to do their best in life, despite their new situations. Both Protagonists find their heads transplanted into robot bodies. There are quite a few similarities between the comic and the ROBOCOP movies and it’s apparent how one had inspired the other.

Especially notable is a surreal battle between Deathlok and Ryker within a computer network. Keep in mind, that this concept was written & drawn more than two decades before both The Matrix and The Lawnmower Man debuted, not to mention, before the concepts of cyberspace and virtual reality became popular.

Cyberspace, you say? Before The Matrix, Assassin's Creed, Lawnmower Man, Inception there was “The God Machine”. Recognize!

Once again, there’s that scene right out of the original DEATHLOK comics (Circa 1970s) where he goes back to see his wife but now he's been turned into a machine, so it's a big, tragic scene. Moench notes “I have also heard that the people who wrote ROBOCOP are comic book fans, so it seems pretty likely." "I didn't realize Deathlok was so unique; I think it was ahead of its time. It's only in retrospect that people remember it and are really obsessed with it. When we were doing him, there were no movies like that. Now it seems like all the big movies are like the comics we were doing in the early'70s. They're 20 years behind!"

THE FUTURE IS NOW!




Another rather interesting tidbit is how one may draw parallels from the comic to reality when once again, citing the scene in which Deathlok finally confronts Simon Ryker once and for all.

What makes this scenario interesting is how, in Astonishing Tales #35, Ryker justifies his attempts at establishing a new world order via The God Machine, in this heated exchange between The Cyborg protagonist and his Power mad creator that is somewhat prophetic:

  “It was for their own good! People need someone to watch over them!” To which Deathlok shouts back “So you elected yourself! Dictator and God all rolled into one! You’re mad, Riker! You’re insane!” The Major’s response to in turn, was “I merely brought our society to a logical conclusion, along a path it had long ago chosen for itself: benevolent control by an impassioned military-industrial complex.”

There was no mention of who was responsible for the bombing of Manhattan that has contributed to the decaying outlook of the City. Could some Madman be held responsible, or was it the act of Foreign Terrorists? Deathlok’s deduction is that Ryker himself, may have caused the disaster to give him the opportunity to initiate his fascist policies. This is reflective of real life situations when certain Politicians have often utilized catastrophic events such as The September 11 Attacks, to pass unconventional and controversial legislation such as the Patriot Act or the NSA monitoring phone conversations as a prime example. There are many within the populace that would and have easily embraced these policies when exchanging their personal freedoms for security, especially nowadays in the internet and social media. (Facebook is watching you! So is Google and now Amazon!)

 This was a very influential comic and highly recommended! Accept no substitutes, Deathlok Lives!


The reprints of the late Rich Buckler’s Deathlok opus are available for the Marvel Masterworks Hardcover Trade. Or if you’re on the go, try Comixology’s Deathlok the complete collection.

In Memoriam: Richard Buckler




 Originally published in May 21st 2017 after the passing of one of Comicdom's greats and a friend of mine.This month marks the one year anniversary of Rich's passing and since it's Memorial Day, I would like to give another shoutout to Rich!

Kill-Monger was Co-created by Buckler.
Rich Buckler may not have been within the confines of the latter two, however, his contributions toward the comic medium as well as pop culture in general has not gone unnoticed.Especially to me. 

After a long battle with Cancer, Buckler (68) had finally  succumbed to his  illness and it came as a shock, because I for one, wasn't aware of his condition after speaking to him in person, during a few occasions not too long ago.

Rich is soley responsible for the creation of Deathlok-a Man ressurected from death as a cyborg struguling to maintain his humanity within a world gone mad. Deathlok is by all means, Rich's greatest and most influential creation to the extent that a few movies and comics in one way or another, borrowed ideas and asthetics from the cult classic seventies comic.

Deathlok was the first antihero I became a fan of and his world was rich with groundbreaking concepts and perhaps a forerunner of the cyberpunk formula.

Besides Deathlok, Rich also experienced a few pockets of critical acclaim primarily to his stint on Jungle Action featuring Black Panther, Fantastic Four and the Death of Jean Dewolf arc from the Spectacular Spider-Man comics.


I had the pleasure and honor of knowing Rich since arriving at the 2014 New York City Comic Con and after I had mentioned my Deathlok article during the days of Talkbacker, he quickly cited what I had written and mentioned it on his Facebook page. I received a signed Deathlok print free of charge as his way of saying thanks.

Rich was both humble and outspoken, especially  in regards to how artists and writers were unfairly treated. Its no secret that he tried to sue Marvel for full credit on his creation, Deathlok, but abandon the suit because of mounting lawyer fees or emotional  exhaustion. I was happy to find out that Rich is acknowledged as the sole creator of Deathlok and applauded during the Black Panther's credits the second I noticed his name listed as "Special thanks" for his work and contributions for the Jungle Action comics. His long and hard fight against both Marvel and Cancer, is a testament of his fortitude and no doubt, a soldier!

May you find eternal peace from your transition. Rest in power!!


Rich was kind enough to give me this sketch during the 2014 NYCCC.

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